Crime was always the lens through which the Labour government viewed drug policy. This focus led to a massive expansion of investment in drug treatment and the merging of this sector with the criminal justice system. The question now is whether these measures succeeded – and whether they can continue. Labour in opposition had identified drugs as the cause of crime that they could afford to be tough on. Back in 1994, Tony Blair declared that half of all property crime was caused by ‘drug addicts’. This mythical figure has been repeated so often that it has become an unchallenged assumption.